I don’t get all the favoritism for Kevin Harvick as he has only won two races this season and both were back in March at Las Vegas and Phoenix. Matt Kenseth – 6 to 1
Denny Hamlin won at Martinsville in March and he won the NASCAR All-Star Race in May for two wins in 2015. Kasey Kahne – 30 to 1
Kurt Busch has wins in 2015 at Richmond and Michigan. Kyle Larson has yet to win a Sprint Cup race in 62 starts so he has obviously never won over the track.
T-6. He’s probably due to win a race real soon and to me he’s a better bet this week than Kevin Harvick is at 6 to 1 odds.
T-1. Dale Earnhardt, Jr. For his career, Kurt Busch has 27 wins in 527 NASCAR Sprint Cup starts.
T-6. Truex, Jr. Jeff Gordon, Kyle Larson – 18 to 1 odds each
T-18. Hamlin won this race in 2012, for his only win over the Bristol track. Many of these drivers have yet to win the race and most of the others are very infrequent winners. has yet to win a Sprint Cup race so far in his career at Bristol. Kenseth just won last week at Michigan pretty easily for his second win in three weeks (he won a Pocono August 2) and third win on the season. For his career, Kevin Harvick has won 30 races in 525 starts.
Brad Keselowski has one win this season which came at California in March. Clint Bowyer has won eight times in 348 starts and he has not won a race since 2012. won at Pocono back in June for his only win so far in the 2015 NASCAR season. Tony Stewart – 60 to 1
For the umpteenth time this year, Kevin Harvick is favored to win a NASCAR Sprint Cup race as he’s co-favored to win the 2015 Irwin Tools Night Race this week at odds of 6 to 1. At least Danica Patrick is hot.
Field of all other drivers – 100 to 1 odds
T-11. Clint Bowyer, Jamie McMurray – 40 to 1
While I don’t understand Kevin Harvick’s odds this week, I do get why Matt Kenseth is co-favored at odds of 6 to 1. has wins this season at Talladega and Daytona. Martin Truex, Jr. Jimmie Johnson – 10 to 1
Carl Edwards lone win so far in 2015 came at Charlotte in May. Keselowski won this race in 2011 and he has two NASCAR Sprint Cup wins over the track (his other win was in 2012). For his career, Brad Keselowski has 17 wins in 220 starts.
Both Clint Bowyer and Jamie McMurray at 40 to 1 odds each this week are looking for their first wins in 2015. A.J. For his career, Kasey Kahne has won 17 races in 419 Sprint Cup starts(www.thai-m88.com).
T-6. Junior won this race in 2004 for his only win over the track. Carl Edwards has two wins in this race (2007, 2008) and three total wins over the track (2014). – 20 to 1
Kasey Kahne has yet to win a NASCAR Sprint Cup race in the 2015 season. For his NASCAR Sprint Cup career, Dale Earnhardt, Jr. For his career, Joey Logano has 10 wins in 242 starts.
In addition to listing the m88a betting win odds for each driver this week, I’m also listing how many times each driver has won this season, how many times each driver has won this race and how many times each driver has won at Bristol in Sprint Cup races. Brad Keselowski – 7 to 1
None of these drivers at 100 to 1 odds each this week has won a race yet in 2015, though, Greg Biffle did win the Sprint Showdown. Allmendinger, Aric Almirola, Austin Dillon, Casey Mears, Danica Patrick, David Ragan, Greg Biffle, Paul Menard, Ricky Stenhouse, Ryan Blaney, Ryan Newman, Trevor Bayne – 100 to 1 odds
Both Jeff Gordon and Kyle Larson are win less on the 2015 season. Kurt Busch has one win in this race (2003) and he’s won over the track five times (2002-04, 2006) but his last win here was in 2006. I’ve also listed the career stats for many of the drivers this week. Kahne is also win less in this race but he did win a race over the Bristol track in 2013. Another tough bet this week. Joey Logano – 7 to 1. – 15 to 1
T-1. Kevin Harvick – 6 to 1 odds
Kyle Busch’s 6 to 1 odds this week also make sense. Gordon is in his last full season in NASCAR in 2015. His first win this season was at the spring race at Bristol. McMurray has won seven times in 461 starts and he has not won since 2013.
Martin Truex, Jr. Good luck to all the NASCAR drivers and especially the bettors this week at the 2015 Irwin Tools Night Race at Bristol!
T-4. Stewart won this race back in 2001 for his only win at Bristol. Kenseth has won this race three times (2005, 2006, 2013) and he’s won over the track four times, so he’s co-favored for a reason to try and sweep the races at Bristol in 2015.
10. Kurt Busch – 10 to 1
Tony Stewart has yet to win a race in the 2015 season. He has only won this race once (2002) but he does have five total wins over the Bristol track. Jimmie Johnson has yet to win this race and he has just one win (2010) over the track but it’s been 10 races now since he has won and he’s 10 to 1 odds this week. has won 25 races in 564 starts.
14. Tony Stewart has won 48 times in 577 starts in his career, and he has not won a race since 2013.
The 2015 Irwin Tools Night Race NASCAR Sprint Cup race is taking place this week on Saturday, August 22, 2015, at Bristol Motor Speedway in Bristol, Tennessee, with a start time of 7:30 pm EDT. For his NASCAR Sprint Cup career, Denny Hamlin has 25 wins in 349 starts.
9. Kyle Busch – 6 to 1
13. Jeff Gordon’s last win at Bristol, though, was in 2002. Harvick has never won this race but he did win over the track back in 2005. For his career, Carl Edwards has won 24 NASCAR Sprint Cup races in 396 starts.
Jimmie Johnson has four wins in 2015 at Atlanta, Texas, Kansas City and Dover. Neither driver has ever won at Bristol so both are risky bets this week even at high odds. For his career, Martin Truex, Jr. Carl Edwards – 10 to 1
T-1. Kyle Busch also has two wins in this race (2009, 2010) and five Sprint Cup wins over the Bristol track (he also won the spring race in 2007, 2009, 2011).
Dale Earnhardt, Jr. He won at Watkins Glen a couple of weeks ago, and he also won the Daytona 500 back in February. has won three races in 356 starts.
T-4. Kyle Busch has four wins this season at Sonoma, Kentucky, New Hampshire, and The Brickyard, and all four wins have come over the last two months. Denny Hamlin – 12 to 1
Joey Logano has two wins in 2015. Here is a list of the betting odds for the NASCAR drivers to win the 2015 Irwin Tools Night Race this week at Bristol.
17. T-15. Joey Logano is also the defending champion in the Irwin Tools Night Race as he won the race last year in 2014. None of them have ever won a NASCAR Sprint Cup race at the Bristol track either
If you’ve read any of my articles before, you know I always emphasize the fact that there are many viable systems for any type of gambling. Until next time, please bet responsibly, and continue to educate yourself to master your skills and gain the edge over the casino, the bookie, or whoever you’re playing m88a against!
A point can be anything, 1 or 2 etc. The three numbers I gave you have proved themselves to be quite consistent at attracting the score of 1-1 (One all). . Sports betting is no exclusion. For this example we will choose number 32. After holding onto these secrets and amassing a private fortune over the past 16 years, he finally decided it was time to come out and share some of his knowledge with the world. Yes it’s true: Ellison Mansfield has made a career out of gambling. The following is recommended;
- Weeks 1 to 5 use a 1 point stake.
- Weeks 6 to 8 use a 2 point stake. This would win us back 11 points at odds of 11/2, plus our 2 points stake, making 13 points. Here is just one simple system for you to test for yourself…
As you can see, this system played consistently over the long term can bring you regular winnings. If we assume that we have a win on week 6 we would have placed a 2 points bet here. During the previous 5 weeks we lost 5 lots of 1 points, so all in all weve made 8 points profit.
With this bet you will need to increase your stake after a few weeks if you havent won by then.
- Weeks 9 to 10 use a 3 point stake.
- Week 11 – 4 points
- Week 12 – 5 points
- Week 13 – 6 points
- Week 14 – 7 points
- Week 15 – 8 points
- Week 16 – 10 points
- Week 17 – 12 points and so on….
Take your fixed odds coupon and decide on one of the following three numbers – 13 – 32 – 38. He’s flown under the radar for virtually his entire adult life, beating the casinos and stockpiling his winnings. I’ve tested and found success with several sports betting systems (see http://www.insidersystem.com/sports.html), several of which would allow someone to quit their job and make a full time living at it. Once you have made your choice place the score of 1-1 in the correct score section next to the teams that are playing at number 32 on the coupon for that week.
We simply back this number every week until we have a win
He said the casino industry sees fantasy fun788 sports as a potential partner “to grow both of our businesses.”
The allegations, which amount to profiting from insider trading, have brought into question the practices of the fantasy sports industry. Macias said the company takes a multilayered approach to check age and identity. The CEO of the ubiquitous DraftKings website made no effort to get cozy as he sat in front of a crowd of casino executives at a trade show last week in Las Vegas.
The debate comes as the websites have flooded the airwaves with commercials in recent months touting how average fans became overnight millionaires by playing daily fantasy leagues. The NFL agrees with their legal stance.
On the question of money laundering, DraftKings referred questions to a statement from the Fantasy Sports Trade Association that said the sites have “instituted monitoring systems to identify and prevent fraudulent or suspicious transactions.”
An employee with one of the companies, DraftKings, admitted last week to inadvertently releasing data before the start of the third week of N.F.L. He said his industry is much more likely to attract customers who play chess and the stock market than people who make bets at sports books.
The legal stance by Jason Robins of DraftKings that daily fantasy sports leagues are not a chance-based gamble has done nothing to tamp down what has become an intensifying national debate around the country.
The debate was a hot topic of conversation at the Global Gaming Expo in Las Vegas.
Signing up for a DraftKings account involves choosing a username, providing an email address, clicking a box that says the person is older than 18 or 19, depending on the state, and providing credit card information. Daily fantasy sports allows online players to pick a roster of point-earning players from various teams for a single day of competition and win money, in some cases $1 million.
Many in the highly regulated casino industry insist daily fantasy sports leagues are gambling sites, shouldn’t be treated any differently than traditional sports betting and, as a result, should be regulated. “A rose is a rose.”
“This screams and cries out for regulation,” said sports betting law expert Dan Wallach during a different panel at the gambling conference, who suggested it could be a haven for money laundering.
Observers, though, believe that after spending hundreds of millions of dollars on advertising during football games, the spotlight on the daily fantasy sports industry may ultimately lead lawmakers and regulators to keep a closer watch.
Robins said fewer than 15 percent of the people using his site bet on sports the traditional way, either legally or illegally.
The daily fantasy sports industry has gone to great lengths to distance itself from traditional sports wagering. “It isn’t that different from the stock market.”
Two major fantasy sports companies are under fire over allegations that amount to insider trading, the New York Times reported Monday night.
Robins, though, implied there should be no confusing his operation for a casino’s. The midlevel content manager later won $350,000 at rival site FanDuel that same week, the Times reported.
“Fantasy is real gambling,” said Dennis Drazin, chairman of New Jersey’s Monmouth Park Racetrack, during a panel discussion. DraftKings spokeswoman Sabrina Macias said later that the number is based on internal research.. No other identification is sought.
He didn’t say where that number came from and didn’t take questions after the moderated panel discussion to clarify, walking quickly out a side door as reporters asked questions.
Meanwhile, a New Jersey congressman has asked for a hearing on the legal status of daily fantasy sports, the commissioner of the NCAA’s Southeastern Conference has barred daily fantasy site ads on the SEC Network, and the casino industry’s American Gaming Association is looking into the industry as part of a broader look at legalizing sports betting beyond a few states.
“It’s really the same type of person who, on the game side, likes chess,” Robins said.
Robins cites an exemption in a 2006 federal law for fantasy sports that he believes allow his site and others including FanDuel to offer contests that normally spanned an entire season down to a single day. games. Others suggest the sites could be a potential haven for money-laundering.
“If it’s gray, our job is to make it black and white,” said Geoff Freeman, the association’s president and CEO
Kirk missed the cut in his last start at the Players. Kevin Na, Louis Oosthuizen, Patrick Reed, Jim Furyk – 33 to 1 odds each
Jason Dufner has a win in 2016 and he’s finished second in this tournament twice in the past (2012, 2014). Chappell also finished alone in 2nd place at the RSM Classic and the Arnold Palmer this season so he’s been close to winning but he’s still a maiden on tour.
Listed below are the betting odds and comments for each player who has odds of 50 to 1 or less to win this week. Jim Furyk has one win on tour since 2010 and he’s making just his third start back after wrist surgery. Matt Kuchar has not won a PGA Tour event in over two years now and he should be higher odds to win this week.
2. Louis Oosthuizen’s lone PGA win remains the 2010 British Open and he missed the cut last week.
Boo Weekley won this tournament in 2013. He’s a mild threat here to get his 6th PGA win here. Players like Phil Mickelson, Lee Trevino and Zach Johnson are tied for the second most wins with two each.
Chris Kirk is the defending champion in this tournament but that was the last of his four PGA Tour wins. Ryan Palmer missed the cut last week. Patrick Reed has finished alone in 2nd place three times this season but has not won a tournament since January of 2015. He’s a big threat this week to win.
The 2016 Dean & DeLuca golf tournament on the PGA Tour is taking place this week from May 26-29, 2016, at the Colonial Country Club located in Fort Worth, Texas. But Jason Bohn did finish tied for 2nd in this tournament last year just one stroke off the lead.
6. Jimmy Walker, Brandt Sendeker, Danny Lee, Jason Dufner – 40 to 1 odds each
Bill Haas tied for 43rd place last week. He has three PGA Tour wins but his last win was in 2010.
Jason Bohn – 100 to 1 odds
T-7. Haas has six PGA Tour wins and he was second at the Valspar in March so he’s a mild threat to win this week. Bill Haas, Ryan Palmer – 45 to 1 odds each
Since winning the Texas Open for his 4th PGA Tour win on April 21st, Charley Hoffman finished 11th at the Zurich Classic, missed the cut at the Players and finished tied for 12th last week at the Byron Nelson. Nuff said. After missing the cut in his two previous starts, Jimmy Walker tied for 24th last week. Danny Lee has one win on tour and he finished tied for 18th last week. Here is a list of the betting odds for the PGA golfers to win the 2016 Dean & DeLuca Invitational.
T-11. Chris Kirk, Charl Schwartzel – 35 to 1 odds each
David Toms won this tournament in 2011. Jordan Spieth – 6 to 1
Colt Knost is 30 and he’s yet to win on tour but he tied for 3rd at the Players and was 4th last week in his last two starts. Adam Scott has two wins in 2016 and 13 total wins on the PGA Tour. Chappell is lower odds here because he finished alone in 2nd place at the Players in his last start. Marc Leishman has one career win in 188 starts. Kevin Chappell – 28 to 1
At age 29, Kevin Chappell is still looking for his first PGA Tour win. While the meltdown is not a good sign, Jordan Spieth did miss the cut the week before at the Players in his first start since the Masters so he is rounding into form and he did tie for 2nd place in this tournament last year.
3. Zach Johnson – 22 to 1
Jason Bohn only has two career wins and his last win was in 2010 and he’s missed the cut in his last three PGA Tour starts. In his last four tournaments he’s failed to crack the top 25 and he finished last week tied for 66th. Colt Knost, Tony Finau, Marc Leishman, Kevin Kisner, Patton Kizzire – 50 to 1 odds each
Matt Kuchar shot -14 under last week to finish alone in 3rd place at the Byron Nelson. Then a few notable golfers with much higher odds are listed along with comments why.
Good luck to all the PGA golfers and especially the bettors this week at the 2016 Dean & DeLuca Invitational at Colonial in Fort Worth, Texas!
At odds of 6 to 1, Jordan Spieth is the betting favorite this week to win the 2016 Dean & DeLuca Invitational. Brandt Snedeker has missed the cut in his last two starts and in three of his last four tournaments but he did tie for 2nd place here last year just one stroke off the lead.
Other than a 5th place finish at the Arnold Palmer in March, Zach Johnson has not played well enough to win in 2016. Scott won this tournament in 2014 beating Jason Dufner in a playoff. At age 32, Kevin Kisner has one career win and he missed the cut in his last two starts. Don’t be fooled, though, as Kuchar also finished 3rd at the Players but that is not winning. Jordan Spieth was in position to win last week at the Byron Nelson playing with Brooks Koepka in the final pairing Sunday just two strokes back but Spieth shot a 74 and ended up tied for 18th place. Patton Kizzire is 30 and still looking for his first PGA Tour win.
T-19. Schwartzel won the Valspar Championship in March and he could play well this week.
5. Could he win again this year? Maybe, but who wants to bet on it?
1. Zach Johnson does have two wins in this tournament (2010, 2012).. Charl Schwartzel tied for 58th place last week but that was his first tournament since he missed the cut at the Masters. He won the Puerto Rico Open for his first career win at the end of March. Matt Kuchar – 14 to 1
T-17. That was the last of his three PGA Tour wins.
4. Ben Hogan holds the record for most wins in the tournament with five. Tony Finau tied for 12th last week. Adam Scott – 11 to 1
Adam Scott finished tied for 12th at the Players two weeks ago in his last start. On top of that, Bohn suffered a heart attack during the Honda Classic back in February. Toms has 13 career PGA Tour wins including a major but he’s not won a tournament since 2011.
The Dean & DeLcua Invitational dates back to 1946. Charley Hoffman – 25 to 1
It existed as “slim disease”; the condition was universally ignored though many Africans died after mysteriously wasting away. In 1959, about the time the Manhattan Jamaican shipping clerk died of his rare pneumonia, a blood sample from a Congolese man was taken and preserved. Years later, this proved to be HIV-infected. This Congolese man’s fate is unknown (whether he developed full-blown AIDS and died from it or not). Similarly, a preserved lymph-node biopsy specimen taken from a Congolese woman in 1960 later proved to be HIV-positive.
The term “velvet rope” came into existence then – a red velvet rope (as one might see in a museum keeping patrons at a safe distance from a particularly priceless exhibit) became the literal and symbolic barrier between the plebes on the street and the hipsters within. Each night crowds gathered outside Studio 54′s doors; admission was granted whimsically by a group of door men and many times by Steve Rubell himself.
The teen seemed stabilized by late 1968 (when he was around 15 years old). He had been transferred to Deaconess Hospital by then, and in March 1969, however, all of his symptoms reappeared and rapidly worsened. His breathing labored; his white blood cell count (as part of routine blood work) was noted to have dropped dramatically. The only thing concurred at the time was that Rayford’s immune system had been somehow compromised. He developed a fever and died either in the late hours of May 15, 1969, or the early hours of May 16 (sources differ). His primary physician recalled, “Eventually his entire body constituted almost one wave of hard lumps and watery swellings.”
As further incentive to not hire men as flight attendants, the death of a gay steward in 1954 became a scandal sufficiently great to lead to a rash of “fag bashings” (both gay men and lesbians were targeted) in Miami, Florida. It was one of the nation’s worst anti-gay outbreaks in history.
The Road to Zero
Homophobia was so great by the late 1950s almost no airlines in the United States would hire men as flight attendants – even Eastern and Pan Am stopped hiring stewards. Stewardesses, however, were very desirable. They were marketed as young, beautiful, and sexually available–this was hardly an acceptable career choice for any he-man. In the same way that the sexual orientation of male nurses was suspect, only “pansies” wanted to be stewards.
Rayford lived in a brownstone in a poor neighborhood in St. . 1952-1953).
He wrote myriad articles on the subject and penned a stage play, “A Normal Heart”, that did well. In May 2014, this stage play was brought to the small screen. It was presented as a movie on HBO starring Jim Parsons (of “Big Bang Theory” TV fame). The story documented the earliest days of the AIDS epidemic in America told from the perspective of the New York City/Fire Island cohort. It is engaging: it is what TV can do (but usually fails to do except in rare cases like this one).
Gay and straight partiers alike finally found their Valhalla, however, in New York City in a crummy little club in the 1970s called Studio 54. This rat hole was converted into a hot spot known all over the world. Celebrities fell all over themselves to get in and be seen there. Its allure was its faux air of exclusivity. No club before or since carried the cachet of Studio 54. Co-founded and owned by a cabaret-style, (almost a caricature) flamboyantly gay man, Steve Rubell, and a straight-laced heterosexual lawyer, this kitschy club defined hipsters in the Seventies.
Mr. It was so unusual at the time . . Memory Elvin-Lewis, thank you so much for not only your contributions to science but to my humble efforts at disseminating it for general readership. I truly appreciate it.
The Greek letter “?” always refers to the end of an event or series, not its beginning. Dugas was “Patient Zero”, not “Patient ?” – if the intent was to use such a Greek designation, he would have been named “Patient Alpha” (“?” or “?”) for “the beginning”. It is known that Dugas from the earliest investigations, based on diagrams the CDC (and others) created interlinking sexual contacts among those diagnosed with or dead from the mystery disease, was referred to from the start as Patient Zero (not Omega or “O”).
There is an apocryphal story that Patient Zero was really Patient “O” (as in the 15th letter of the English alphabet, first letter of the word “Omega” for the last letter of the Greek alphabet, ?). Furthermore, it was alleged that a journalist misinterpreted the “O” (for “?”), and instead wrote up his report, referring to the AIDS’ source as “Patient 0″ ["zero"] instead.
Dugas remained unrepentant. He originally denied that whatever disease it was he had could be transmitted sexually. His own words on the subject: “Of course I’m going to have sex. Nobody’s proven to me that you can spread cancer.” His depraved indifference to his sexual partners’ well-being was summarized with “It’s their duty to protect themselves. They know what’s going on out there. They’ve heard about this disease.” The last element of his bitterness was voiced by his wish to take others with him: “I’ve got gay cancer. I’m going to die and so are you.”
Gaëtan Dugas was a French-Canadian born February 20, 1953. His life was on a collision course with history. In 1972, Dugas first became sexually active. [He would later claim he had over 2,500 sexual partners in his lifetime, whether all male is unknown. He may have been bisexual.]
He was admitted with multiple, and strange, symptoms (given his tender age). Louis, Missouri. His mother’s name was Constance Rayford, and he had a brother named George. Rayford was described as slender. His retardation left him relatively uncommunicative from shyness.
Dugas, meanwhile, knew he was sick. He didn’t know exactly what was wrong, but he had developed the skin lesions, associated with “gay cancer”. But one can’t spread cancer, of course, because cancer isn’t contagious. He indiscriminately continued having sex with men as his whims overtook him. His “advantage” was his mobility – as a flight attendant, he might be in any part of the US, Canada, or the world on a moment’s notice. His bitterness about having gay cancer crossed over into his lackadaisical attitude about possibly harming others.
He had a chlamydia infection (a bacterial venereal disease), clearly indicating he was sexually active. His doctors also uncovered evidence of the herpes simplex virus and the virus responsible for Epstein-Barr. Robert Rayford was not terribly forthcoming with his doctors, partly due to his retardation leaving him mostly uncommunicative, but also because he was embarrassed by something.
AIDS now had a face.
Finally, in 1968, the boy was admitted to St. Doctors, helpless to find the cause of death for the Noe family, preserved some tissue samples. In 1988, further testing showed Noe, his wife, and his daughter had all been HIV-positive
Good investigative work requires dogged determination. Running an enigma to ground can take years.
He led doctors to believe any of his sexual activities were strictly heterosexual, even claiming at one point to having a girlfriend (who failed to surface at the time). [This female was found some time later and was found to be in perfect health, relative to HIV and AIDS, from which one can only surmise she and Rayford had no intimate sexual intercourse or such activities were rare enough she was not exposed to critical levels by whatever ailed him.]
Molecular research shows the AIDS epidemic of the 1980s stemmed from a viral strain that had entered the US via Haiti about 1966. Other strains have been isolated as well. As in cases like Robert Rayford’s, the disease died with him (though he probably infected others, those people likely did not have access to the sheer number of sexual partners that, for example, Gaëtan Dugas had, and died before spreading it much).
Before Robert Rayford in the US, there was a possible case found in a dead Jamaican native named Ardouin Antonio. He came to the US in 1927. He was working as a shipping clerk for a clothier when he died at age 49 on June 28, 1959, in Manhattan. He had developed a very rare kind of pneumonia, seemingly out of the blue. Decades later the doctor who had performed Antonio’s autopsy was asked to re-evaluate the case. Did he think Antonio possibly died of AIDS? “You bet . Louis.
And the real Patient Zero – the HIV-Adam or HIV-Eve – lived and most likely died there, somewhere in the Congo, unknown and unrecognized for the catastrophic role he or she would play in human history.
One such mystery concerned the AIDS epidemic in America. As long as the killer remained comfortably within the gay community not much was done to investigate. As soon as AIDS found its way into the heterosexual population, though, suddenly America’s interest in ferreting out the cause was paramount. Panic stricken virologists and other epidemiologists worked feverishly to isolate the source of this sexually transmitted disease first endemic among homosexual men.
Both his wife and daughter developed an illness that mimicked his symptoms, and they died in 1977. Louis City Hospital, then transferred to Barnes Hospital (now Barnes-Jewish Hospital) in St. Louis, Missouri) was the earliest confirmed victim of AIDS in North America.
The airline industry developed glamour. The titillation of a sexy stewardess in uniform, pandering to any business traveler’s ego, was priceless. These were women without boundaries, women who went anywhere, anytime. Therefore, they must be promiscuous. The unspoken possibility of sex with a globe-trotting gal was also alluring. Married women were aggressively discouraged from working as stewardesses. The single women, all within a certain preferred range of body type, height, and attractiveness, were wanton women (in the minds of the average male of the day). Although morbid obesity was not the problem in the 1940s it is today, there were no “big girls” on board.
In his wake, one of the unfortunate legacies he left was a renewed homophobia relative to male flight attendants. They became a lightning rod for America’s fear and anger over AIDS and its links with homosexuality. “Patient Zero”, Gaëtan Dugas, was reviled; in death he was even accused of bringing HIV to North America and spreading it around the country.
By April of 1982, 248 cases of the disease were reported nationwide with many others too afraid or indifferent to see a doctor. A virus was isolated in 1983 by French scientists (as Europeans were also recognizing and treating patients with “gay cancer”, many of whom were decidedly not gay).
Running Dugas to ground, however, was pointless. At the time, there were no criminal laws penalizing the willful spread of a known fatal disease (since then, law changes allow charges of attempted and pre-meditated murder to be brought in many states against anyone who is HIV-positive purposefully engaging in unprotected sexual intercourse with an unwitting partner).
Tracing backward from Haiti (the source of the US strain in 1966) put the disease firmly in Central Africa. .
This virus, after much international wrangling for recognition of discovery (with a particularly aggressive and bombastic US virologist lobbying for a claim that he had found it first–he did not) was later named Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV.
Thus, by the late 1940s male flight attendants were not only undesirable, they were suspect as well. Occupying a job with women that devoted itself to customer service, good manners, and fine grooming, the stewards garnered suspicions of being “queer”.
Without a precise diagnosis, Rayford’s cause of death was attributed to the catch-all vagary “loss of vitality”. Intractable fluid imbalance and lung disease were listed as contributors. An autopsy revealed a surprise – his body carried a very rare cancer called Kaposi’s sarcoma internally (though he had but one external lesion on his right thigh). [Today, this cancer and its lesions are bellwethers of AIDS.]
A year earlier, a Portuguese man known only as Senhor José died under mysterious circumstances. He was treated at the London Hospital for Tropical Diseases to no effect. In later years, examination of preserved tissues verified he died of AIDS; the causative virus, HIV-2 was present, making him the first known confirmed victim. Genetic research on the virus indicated he probably contracted the disease in 1966 in Guinea-Bissau (on the northwest coast of Africa). Three gay men in California and six Haitian immigrants to the United States were later confirmed as AIDS victims from that same year.
This good person also kindly corrected some of the misinformation about Rayford via a personal e-mail and was also kind enough to forward professional papers on the subject. One such paper, in Lymphology from 1973, gives, perhaps, the best clinical synopsis of the case. Another article, entitled Documentation of an AIDS Virus Infection in the United States in 1968 (by the same doctor and others), is also a “must read” for anyone interested in the earlier origins of AIDS in America.
Of a most enlightening nature was Rayford’s adamant refusal of any rectal exams. It seemed that he may have been exposed to homosexual activity (assuming the submissive role in anal intercourse). One of his attending physicians believed that he had been a victim of sexual abuse (a very likely scenario considering Rayford’s socio-economic background). He could also have been “pimped out” against his will by someone who procured males to engage with him. To date, this aspect of his life is unclear.
Almost any medical professional worth his or her license, whenever a patient dies of a strange ailment, takes the precaution of preserving tissue and blood samples for future research. It is extremely fortunate that some doctors going all the way back to the late 1950s had been so far-sighted. Working backward and re-examining suspicious or otherwise unresolved deaths from contagion globally proved enriching in piecing together the history of AIDS.
There is an interesting correlation between homosexuality and the airline industry. At least, there is a publicly perceived correlation as it pertains to airline flight attendants.
By the 1950s, this homophobia was rampant, and in the conservative times of Eisenhower and McCarthyism, men were slowly pushed out of the steward jobs.
In America, the results of further research led to the conclusion that Gaëtan Dugas had not been the true “Patient Zero” after all.
The dubious distinction of being America’s “Patient Zero” – the first documented and verifiable case of AIDS in the country – belongs not to Dugas but to a mildly mentally retarded black teenager named Robert Rayford (born ca. Kramer was a writer in New York and a part of the gay culture. He, however, decided that merely watching his friends die quietly wasn’t enough.
In conjunction with Studio 54, other bars for gay men to frequent thrived. Another meeting place was the bath houses still found in many larger cities. Once serving the utilitarian function for neighborhood residents to bathe (considering most homes up until the late 1920s did not have indoor plumbing) these quaint reminders of The Good Old Days were social gathering places for gay men. They were prevalent in New York City and in San Francisco. [Bette Midler, a great favorite among gay men, got her start singing in gay bath houses; her piano player in those days was songwriter/musician Barry Manilow).
Noe’s condition stabilized, but then flared up again in 1975 (coincidentally the same year a strange disorder called “slim disease” was reported in Africa for the first time, the beginnings of epidemic AIDS). In addition to the respiratory condition and joint pains he developed motor skill problems and dementia before he died.
As early as his 13th year or sooner, he was sexually active. Beginning in 1966, he started having some physical problems that seemed chronic. His legs swelled, and he developed sores on his genitals and body.
Dating America’s exposure to AIDS is irrelevant: AIDS is a global problem. And continuing research has led to many more interesting facts about the spread of HIV.
Gaëtan Dugas died in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, on March 30, 1984, at the age of 31. His cause of death was kidney-failure brought on by his weakened condition from an onslaught of infections and ailments from AIDS.
Meanwhile, as a symbolic sign of the coming Armageddon, Studio 54 was forced to close its doors for liquor license violations and tax evasion; entrepreneurs Steve Rubell and his business partner were sentenced to short terms of imprisonment. [Rubell later died of AIDS.]
The discrimination in the labor market meant the United States Supreme Court had to step in and force airlines to hire male flight attendants. This happened in 1971 after nearly 20 years of female-dominated service. Even then, the Court’s decision forcing US airlines to hire men was greeted with derision in the press. It also raised homophobic fears of placing men in such a servile and sexualized role. Memory Elvin Lewis
Dr. many cases of AIDS have been autopsied that we didn’t even know had AIDS.”
“I’m Candy – Fly Me!”
The very first air flight attendants (in the 1920s) were men. These positions were desirable; the men who did these jobs executed their duties more like up-scale, futuristic train porters and ship stewards than as menials. As with many professions in that era (especially in service jobs such as telephone operators, bank tellers, et al) the sky porters known as “stewards” were exclusively male. World War I saw the shift from male to female telephone operators and bank tellers; with a dearth of male workers during World War II, employers turned to the fairer sex to fill their employment needs in the airline industry, too.
The commercial airlines recognized the goldmine presented by hiring female “stewardesses”. Certainly, they were paid less. There was also marketability in women that men did not have – women could be hawked by an airline as possible sex partners for the discriminating male traveler choosing its service over another.
Certainly it was not Gaëtan Dugas (though, like Typhoid Mary over half a century before him, many deaths could be placed squarely on his doorstep).
For one gay man, however, being a steward was all he’d needed to satisfy both his wanderlust and his physical lust.
Dr. Memory Elvin-Lewis was kind enough to respond to this piece in person.
Current scientific research is clear: sometime in the 1930s, a simian form of immunodeficiency virus mutated sufficiently and made the leap across species to become a contagious disease of people.
This doctor handled, and talked with (though reported as largely uncommunicative), Robert Rayford personally for a period during Rayford’s confinement, and also attended Rayford’s autopsy, confirming the KS diagnosis and noting the preservation of tissue samples that later were shown to carry the variant of the HIV-1 virus.
This makes little sense.
But, it doesn’t end there.
On October 31, 1980 – ominously enough, Halloween night – the French-Canadian gay male steward Gaëtan Dugas visited a gay bathhouse for the first time on a layover in New York City.
The music scene was fueled by this gay celebration, none more blatantly than by a vocal group of disco hustlers calling themselves “The Village People”. They dressed in favorite and stereotypical gay icon costumes – a policeman, a construction worker, a cowboy, a gay biker, and a Native American. They were hugely successful for a short time with big sellers “In the Navy” and “YMCA”. More subtly, Donna Summer performed her brand of dance music that was embraced by the gay community as was she.
From a front-line perspective
In 1976, a Norwegian sailor, designated with the alias “Arvid Noe”, died; his wife and nine-year-old daughter died the next year of the same wasting disease. In 1961, the 15-year-old Noe had sailed on his first voyage to Africa. He worked a merchant vessel that plied along Africa’s west coast from mid-1961 to mid-1962; during this voyage he was treated for gonorrhea. He sailed again to Africa in 1964, with a port of call in Kenya in eastern Africa. In 1966, Noe started suffering from chronic joint pain and recurrent lung infections. By 1968, he could no longer pass a physical to sail, so he worked as a long-haul truck driver.
Gateway to the West
Grethe Rask was a Danish surgeon who had traveled to Zaire in 1972 to lend medical aid for the sick there. She returned to Denmark in 1976 and became relentlessly ill. Her symptoms confounded her colleagues. She died in December 1977. Several years later in 1984, it was confirmed through testing she was HIV-positive. During her time in Zaire, it was known she was directly exposed to blood – it is believed this was the source of her infection.
Anal scarring also indicated repeated sexual penetration.
AIDS in the United States was isolated in pockets of contagion until the promiscuity (homosexual or otherwise) of the 1970s gave the disease a clear path of propagation in humans. IV drug use, on the rise in the 1970s and early 1980s, also provided another avenue of blood-exchange necessary for the virus to thrive.
First denying he was sick, he later willfully and maliciously spread the disease to unsuspecting partners. After having casual sex in a darkened room once, a male interviewee later reported he had turned on a light in the room where Dugas lay naked on a bed. This man spotted the lesions (Kaposi’s sarcoma) that were the classic earmarks of “gay cancer” on Dugas’ chest. When he remarked upon it, Dugas replied sardonically, “It’s gay cancer. Maybe you’ll get it.”
Gaëtan Dugas, the narcissistic and embittered flight attendant, alternately feeling morose and spiteful about his condition, was given the code name “Patient Zero”, the source of the AIDS epidemic in North America.
The disease it spawned was rechristened, in light of its indiscriminate virology, to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or AIDS. That same year that 248 cases of the disease were reported, local health departments in conjunction with the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) in Atlanta began investigating.
Of the 248 cases known before the detection of the virus, interviewing led to the shocking revelation that at least 40 AIDS victims had one thing in common: all had either had sex with a certain male, blond, gregarious Air Canada flight attendant, or they had sex with someone who did. This networking connection was made in 1984, and it was critical – it meant medical and public health officials investigating the source of AIDS might have finally gotten the breakthrough they needed.
Dugas may have personally, and directly, been responsible for dozens of AIDS cases (and no telling how many more indirectly), but he did not bring AIDS to the US, nor was he the first confirmed AIDS victim. As noted, several California men and some Haitian immigrants were found later to have succumbed to the disease before Dugas.
Because of the baffling nature of his case, doctors preserved several tissue and blood samples for later evaluation. In 1987, eighteen years after his death, molecular biologists at New Orleans’ Tulane University tested specimens of Rayford’s preserved blood and tissues. Their findings were stunning: a virus “closely related or identical to” HIV-1 was detected. Further confirmation testing in 1989 proved Robert Rayford (African-American teenage male of St. The swelling in his legs was bothersome, his genitals and legs were covered in scrofulous skin, and his testicles were severely swollen. He was also emaciated (having lost much weight suddenly), and even though he was an African-American male he was considered “pale”. He also had shortness of breath. His symptoms led his caregivers at Barnes Hospital to conclude that one of his problems was lymphedema (a swelling caused by lymphatic problems). This was only a tiny part of his health issues, however.
Occasionally, medical mysteries initially thought solved are found later to have very different truths at their cores.
The direct lineage of HIV-1 was traced to two groups of mutations that formed in the primates that carried the simian version. One of the groups was dated to between 1847 and 1907; another subgroup dated to between 1606 and 1871. HIV-2 made the leap most likely between the date range of 1856 and 1922. Thus, it can be seen some prototypical version of the AIDS virus can be dated to the early 17th century.
In the end one can see there is no modern-day “Patient Zero”.
Diverting conversations occurred between Rayford and his primary care givers when questioned about his sexual activities. His doctors had not considered homosexuality initially, and all conversations, such as they were, seemed to be taken as referring to female sexual contacts.
The music was disco, the dance beat adapted from gay men and their party scene. The mock S&M dance moves, the sweaty bodies, the throb of the music, the drugs consumed, and the fact that not just anyone could get in heightened its allure.
Instead, about the only thing that can be said of HIV is that its “Ground Zero” location was almost certainly Central Africa.
The criteria for entry were pure sadism: one night only women might be allowed in; other times, a sloppily dressed man might be sent away while another, looking exactly like that man but “famous”, would be let in. Gay-themed parties were held there often, and casual sex in the bathrooms and the “exclusive” privacy lounge was common among attendees.
The End of Days was seemingly at hand.
In 1979, before Dugas was infected, a bisexual German concert violinist, Herbert Heinrich, died. In 1989, after testing of medical samples from his body, it was learned he was HIV-positive.
Certainly, the African-American teenager Robert Rayford (who had never been outside the city of his birth) was not Patient Zero, either – somebody had to give it to him in the first place.
Less Than Zero
Gaëtan Dugas fit right in with the gay community of the bath houses. He was blond, voluble, and open. Sex for him was a series of anonymous engagements, many times conducted hastily in bathroom stalls. He took on whatever he felt like. As well as many other men, he was developing what would become known as “The Clone Look”: close-cropped hair, largish but well-groomed mustache, muscle shirts, short shorts. [The quintessential version of "The Clone Look" would be Freddie Mercury (rock band Queen's lead vocalist who died of AIDS) after about 1981.]
His first months in the hospital were spent with his doctors cutting back on his water and salt intake, and they wrapped and raised his legs, all to cut down on his tissue’s swelling. Despite this, the inflammation moved up his body and into his lungs. Antibiotics were tried in varying dosages, but Rayford’s condition continued to deteriorate.
A strange disease lurked among the gay denizens and creepers of the bath houses, though. Men began dying of pneumonia and other respiratory illnesses, but only after drastically losing weight and developing horrific skin lesions on their faces, necks, backs, and chests. This disease became known in the gay community as “gay cancer”. It was particularly volatile, and it progressed rapidly. Dugas caught it early, possibly with his first encounter in the New York gay bathhouse on Halloween 1980.
He started out as a hairdresser. Wanting to travel, this French-speaking Canadian learned that flight attendants for Air Canada had to be bi-lingual. He moved to Vancouver and learned English to qualify for the job. He found work as a flight attendant on Air Canada. This career choice allowed him the freedom to move around the world, visiting exotic locales, and meeting many strange men for anonymous sexual encounters. In 1977, he was legally married in Los Angeles, California, in an illegal attempt to gain United States citizenship.
Gay men realized the danger. Many made the intuitive leap early that perhaps certain activities, such as anal intercourse, might be transmitting the causative agent. Others flatly refused to believe that their lifestyles might be endangering the health of themselves and of others. They felt it was a perceived backlash against gay men. Higher-profile gay men (many closeted during their lifetimes) and activists within the gay community began dying as well as underground sub-culture members (the “Crisco, leather, and fisting” set).
AIDS is what defined the decade of the 1980s, a decade that lived in fear beneath the penumbra of a certain and tortuous death from a highly communicable pathogen. Somewhere, there was a Patient Zero, the epidemiological well-spring from which this plague spewed forth.
Years later, once medical science, and particularly genetics testing, had reached a greater level of technological advance, a revision of the “Patient Zero” findings of 1984 seemed necessary. What was learned by later research was both fascinating and horrific simultaneously. It turned out, HIV had not only been in the world for over a century, but it had been in the United States as early as 1966.
Concern for dying gay men was not paramount on America’s mind. As more cases of the mysterious killer emerged, the name was changed from “gay cancer” to “gay-related immune deficiency” (GRID). This, at least, was an open recognition that whatever was causing the disease was compromising a body’s immune system. It didn’t explain, however, the rather esoteric choice of gay men (and soon discovered, IV drug users) by an unintelligent, non-sentient pathogen as victims. It wasn’t until the first heterosexual cases of “gay cancer” emerged that the disease was examined more closely.
Larry Kramer was actively and aggressively involved with what was then known as “gay cancer” in the early 1980s when the disease first made its poisonous presence visibly known in the United States as “gay cancer”.
The hedonism of the 1970s raged unchecked, and by the middle of the decade “gay” culture became pop culture. Gay male partiers in the mid 1970s found an outlet on New York’s Fire Island. Gay men rented time-share space in houses on the island and partied their summers away “in season”.
Other Las Vegas casinos play with just one deck with small bets to attract players. With small decks, you’ll probably be seeing the better odds of 3:2, more and more, you’ll start to see rates of 6:5. It has one of the highest concentrations of quality casinos and entertainment in the city.
The odds in blackjack vary as much by casino as they do by table. What is the strip? It’s about a 4 mile stretch of a street on Las Vegas Boulevard South. Many tourists never leave it during their stay.. This means if you hit a blackjack and your bet is $10 you’ll be paid $15 at a table with a 3:2 payout, but you’d win just $12 at a 6:5 paying table.
Player’s cards are cards offered at many casinos to gamblers who want to earn perks when they play. Depending on how much money you play with, you can earn quite a bit of complimentary gifts and discounts at restaurants, stores and theatres.
If you’ve heard of Las Vegas, then I’d bet you’ve heard of the strip. Some casinos use 8 decks and a shuffling machine to increase the house odds (or casino’s odds) and to make card counting almost impossible
By handicapping the horses and race conditions and studying the various mathematical models, you may make money betting on horse racing.
Finally, use online resources, such as TwinSpires, to make bets online and receive free tips on handicapping
You might also read online blogs about horse racing in order to make money by betting on horse racing. You will also need to know how each horse performs in a variety of weather and track conditions and whether there is a synergy between the horse and a particular jockey. I do not use a computer software to make money on betting on horse racing. In addition, track the performance of each horse and knowing whether the performance of the horse is improving with maturity or declining with age. Make money betting on horse racing by learning how to handicap the horses properly by reading the articles on this site. You will find that most horse racing blogs are moderated and maintained by experts who have developed reliable handicapping systems and are more than willing to share secrets with subscribers. I use “How to ‘Place Bet’ on Favorites for a Living” by Mohammed Ali. In addition, I suggest using a system that has been proven. You will find the “Daily Racing Form” available at most newsstands, at horse racing venues and by direct-mail subscription as well as online downloads.
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While there is no guarantee that anyone will win consistently by betting on horse races, recent developments in computer software and handicapping methods have reduced the amount of financial risk. In addition, I suggest that you concentrate on only one or two race tracks every horse betting season. I spend my time knowing the Southern California race tracks
In addition, I suggest that you review all race results on a regular basis by studying copies of the “Daily Racing Form.” This newspaper can be instrumental in teaching you how to handicap properly and win more money. In addition, many of these blogs feature online-discussion forums on which you can swap information about effective betting methods and systems.
Combat this with the previous 9 steps & a one on one coach, sponsor, or therapist. Know what to do & who to call if a thought or urges to gamble hits you….(and unfortunately they will).
STEP 4: SUBMIT YOURSELF TO A PROGRAM OF RECOVERY
What does this mean exactly? It means you must submit,commit, & trust in the program of recovery you choose. He is an author, life coach, sponsor, & former GA chapter president, husband, & stepfather.
STEP 8: STAY HOPEFUL
Only those who never give up on themselves & their program of recovery beat gambling. A gambling problem is very strong, plays many tricks on on our minds, & tries to convince us of many lies. Good help seems to come from ex-gamblers themselves because they’ve been there, & they understand. There are therapists, counselors, & life coaches out there trained to help you stop. Its best to find someone who’s been in your shoes, but hasn’t gambled in quite some time.
Make sure you like them, they have your best interest in mind, & truly do help you. Carrying recovery reading & phone numbers help. Know that if they can do it, you can too. (Email the author at firstname.lastname@example.org for online communities you can join today).
STEP 1: GET RID OF YOUR MONEY
If you want to stop gambling right now, the first step begins by stopping to carry money.
STEP 3: JOIN A COMMUNITY OF RECOVERING GAMBLERS
Recovering in numbers is key. The only time casinos won’t let you gamble, is when you don’t have what they want……money.
Jason is a recovered compulsive gambler of over 5 years and a certified professional life coach. Put up pictures of them & when you see it, remember that’s who you’re stopping for.
Recognize that if you gamble, you’re letting them down.
Remind yourself of all the bad things that have been caused by your obsession to gamble. If needed, list them out. Inpatient Treatment is another. It may sound funny, but joining a group of fellow recovering gamblers gives you strength & power over your gambling. Have phone numbers listed for people to call who support you in your recovery. -Author Unknown.
STEP 2: GET HELP TODAY
To overcome something as powerful as a gambling problem or addiction, we must get help from others.
Help is out there in many forms. Call them ANYTIME you need to. You help yourself and others triumph over a common enemy. (because it is the truth).
When you absolutely must stop gambling right now, here are 10 steps you can take today.
STEP 5: CARRY RESOURCES WITH YOU AT ALL TIMES
Get or print off pro gambling recovery literature & carry it with you at all times.
Read it daily, especially in first months. Carry only a very small budget for food each day and thats it.( absolutely no more than $5). Connect your gambling with the the negative consequences its brought into your life.
By Jason Coleman, Certified Professional Life Coach
Your rating: None Average: 3 (3 votes). He’s overcome his own addiction to gambling & has helped many others do the same. In the beginning the constant thoughts and urges to gamble can be intense. Don’t know where to turn to for help? Email email@example.com
STEP 7: REMIND YOURSELF WHY YOU’RE STOPPING, & FOR WHO.
Make a list of the people you love & love you back. Gamblers Anonymous is one.
STEP 10: GET 1 ON 1 SUPPORT.
Stopping Gambling isn’t easy. Know that there are 1000′s of recovering gamblers. If you want to stop starting right now, block all access to money. There are 1000′s of people who once were severely addicted to gambling, haven’t gambled for months and even years. You trust that the program will solve your gambling problem, as long as you never give up on it.
To learn the secrets to stopping gambling now, & to get 1 on 1 coaching from Jason visit http://www.livegamblefree.com or email Jason at firstname.lastname@example.org
These 10 steps are an excellent start to stopping gambling today.
If you have any unanswered questions or need to be pointed in the right direction email email@example.com
STEP 9: HAVE A PLAN IN PLACE FOR YOUR NEXT URGE
When your next urge comes, what will you do? You’ll need to know the answer to this. In the moment, you’ll want a plan of action to take when the urge to gamble attempts to overwhelm you.
STEP 6: BAN YOURSELF FROM GAMBLING (ONLINE AND OFF)
If you go to a local casino, take a caring friend and ban yourself for life.
If you play online, contact the online casino and have your account closed permanently, & demand to be banned from their site. If you gamble online, get gamblock today.
There is but one good throw upon the dice, which is, to throw them away. You make lifelong friends who will always understand and care.
This step can be done by attending Gamblers Anonymous, Celebrate Recovery, & finding online support and help. This includes credit cards, debit cards, access to bank accounts, checks, loans, etc
The two go hand in hand. Due to lost mental peace, they may ill-treat their spouse and children. To add to the so-called merry atmosphere, gamblers often smoke or drink while playing.
? A majority of those addicted to gambling have substance abuse disorders.
? Studies show that children with a sibling or parent addicted to gambling, are more likely to take to substance abuse.
? They start borrowing money and take secret loans. On giving a serious consideration to the negative effects of gambling, we realize that it is best avoided.
You could be at gunpoint or holding the gun. Over time, it becomes a habit, and eventually an obsession that can’t be overcome. Their debt keeps building and it may reach an amount that exceeds their capacity to repay.
? Similar to how an individual keeps consuming substances like drugs or alcohol to experience an altered mental state, he continues to gamble. A study by the same university suggested that 73% of the individuals who are imprisoned are found to be problem gamblers.
? Children of parents who are problem gamblers or gambling addicts tend to feel abandoned and angry, further increasing stress and leading to strained family relations.
Compulsive gambling leads to bankruptcy
? According to the University of New York, in people with alcohol use disorders, the chances of developing an addiction to gambling are 23 times higher.
Games offered in casinos, table games like poker, Red Dog, and Blackjack, as also electronic games like Slot Machine and Video Poker are some of the common types of gambling. Rehabilitating the gambling addicts needs money and time, and the process is not very easy. Betting is a mentally taxing activity, and as one goes on risking more and more money, anxiety starts building.. The skill of a gambler lies in weighing the three parameters and making a decision about what amount should be staked and how much should be expected in return.
? Additionally, rehabilitation and public assistance systems are taxed.
Initially, one looks at gambling as a way to run away from life’s problems, or from stress, anger, and loneliness. The National Council of Problem Gambling (NCPG) describes this type of gambling behavior as problem gambling.
? Addiction to gambling has been linked with substance abuse. Thus, gambling practices cause a huge financial burden on the families of the affected and on the society at large.
? Gambling at the cost of one’s job results in a decline in the quality of his professional life. Their mental state can even lead to suicidal tendencies.
? Gamblers often exhibit mood swings and a strangely secretive behavior. The addiction robs a gambler of all the productive time and leads to loss of efficiency at work. The addiction has negative effects on one’s physical and mental health and it proves to be detrimental to one’s social, personal, and professional life. In spite of the losses incurred, they continue betting. Card games, coin tossing, and dice-based games are some non-casino based forms of gambling. Forget satisfaction or peace, it is not even refreshing in the real sense. The addiction leads people to continue with gambling irrespective of whether they earn or lose in the deal. Because of this, they land in worse situations and take the wrong decisions in life.
Mental and physical health problems, financial issues, and conflicts in the family are among the common negative effects of gambling. It soon becomes a habit that can’t be broken.
? People who fall prey to gambling tend to remain away from their families and waste money on other bad practices. Thus, gambling can have a grave economic impact which is difficult to reverse.
? Research has shown that gambling can lead to harmful behavior in people. Addiction to gambling, coupled with substance abuse can make the gamblers physically abusive towards their family. Some take to substance abuse to supplement the high they get from winning huge sums while gambling. Gambling = Thoughtless Expenditure + Waste of Time
? People continue gambling with the greed of winning money. Six to eight million people in America are estimated to have a gambling problem.
? Over time, the practice of gambling starts becoming a habit and begins to have damaging effects at psychological, physical, and social levels. The greed never ends and they keep betting more and more. It can drag you into crime, gambling isn’t fun.
? According to a study by the George State University, 50% of the problem gamblers commit crime
How does gambling affect an individual? What are its effects on society? Read this Buzzle article to know about the negative impact of gambling.
Reasons Why Gambling Should Be Illegal
What are the adverse effects of gambling? How does it affect society? Should gambling be legal? We don’t think so and here we bring you an article that discusses the reasons why gambling should be illegal.. Some of us are addicted to the habit, without even knowing that. The thrill in betting money and that excitement in the uncertainty of winning or losing it is addictive.
Impact of Internet Gambling
So many of us are attracted to gambling online. With so many…
Internet Gambling Facts and Problems
What do you know about Internet gambling? Are you aware of the problems associated with it? Read on to know them and find some alarming facts about online gambling, in this article.
Negative Effects of Gambling
Gambling is the act of betting money with the expectation of profits
Going to the race track all the time and working at it like a full time job isn’t easy. You have to make connections, learn a good system, and then keep your ears and eyes open. Over the years I learned a lot of ways to lose at the races and a few good ways to win. But even when I was winning, it wasn’t easy. I had to work very hard.
A good horse racing angle is something that comes along that a wise bettor can take advantage of. It may be something to do with the odds, weights, jockeys, etc. It is often a combination of circumstances that the average horse player doesn’t see or understand but stands out like a flashing light to the wise player.
People who win money betting on horses know how to handicap the horse races. Many of them have a system they’ve used for years, though they may have tweaked it a little here and there because things do change. Other people use an angle.
While luck does play a small part in winning when you’re gambling, the pros who make a living at it win by being better prepared than the average player.
How do you prepare yourself to go to the race track? You probably put on a clean shirt, brush your teeth, comb your hair, and head for the races. While you might look presentable and they won’t stop you from entering the premises on grounds of poor hygiene, are you really prepared? I mean prepared to bet real money on the races and to win with your bets.
The best way to make money betting on horse races is to try to develop into a complete horse player. Learn some good angles, and systems, but also have people you can rely on for a tip or two now and then. Read everything you can get your hands on relating to the races and keep an open mind. Developing your mind is the number one way to beat the other people who go to the races and try to get lucky.
Then there are the people who get horse racing tips, sometimes free tips, that they use to make money. As we all know, when it comes to information, there is good information and bad information. When I used to own race horses, I heard plenty of both. I got so I could tell which bits of info were good and which ones were stinkers, usually just by knowing the source. Some people gave good tips and others stunk.
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